As a dermatologist, I often see patients with eczema, a common skin condition that causes red, itchy, and inflamed skin. Eczema can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, environmental conditions, and certain medications. If you have eczema, it is important to choose skincare products and treatments that are gentle and non-irritating to help alleviate your symptoms. Here are some of the most effective treatments for eczema:
- Moisturizers: Moisturizing the skin is an important part of managing eczema. Choose a thick, oil-based moisturizer to help lock in moisture and protect the skin. Avoid using products with fragrances or alcohol, as they can be drying and irritating.
- Topical corticosteroids: Topical corticosteroids are a type of medication that can be applied to the skin to reduce inflammation and itchiness. They are available in a range of strengths and can be used on a short-term or long-term basis.
- Antihistamines: Antihistamines are a type of medication that can help to reduce itchiness and improve sleep. They are available in over-the-counter and prescription strength.
- Light therapy: Light therapy, also known as phototherapy, involves exposing the skin to specific wavelengths of light to reduce inflammation and improve symptoms. It is typically done in a dermatologist’s office and may be combined with other treatments.
- Oral medications: In severe cases of eczema, a dermatologist may recommend oral medications, such as immunosuppressants or biologics, to help manage symptoms.
- Injectable medications: In severe cases, these medications work to alleviate the specific chemicals that cause the itch-scratch cycle and are a welcome newer treatment option.
- Systemic JAK-inhibitors: This newer FDA approved option are various pill based treatment that work to decrease itching by modulating the immune system.
It is important to work with a dermatologist to determine the best treatment plan for your individual needs.
Note: This article is for educational purposes only and should not be construed as medical advice. If you are experiencing symptoms of toenail fungus or any other medical condition, it is important to seek care from a licensed healthcare professional. Do not attempt to self-diagnose or self-treat any medical condition.